The warehouse of a Company dealing with Logistics had got fire on April 16th, 2017.
The insurance company hired our institute to investigate the cause of fire whether it is due to malicious reason or due to any accidental/natural calamities. Our team visited the incident site and investigate the whole area to find out the reason of fire.
To maintain the chain of custody, the incident site was photographed; the sketches of the affected areas were made and the samples were collected from the site for further laboratory and chemical analysis.
After examining the whole incident site and samples collected from the incident site, our team opined that the electrical short circuiting due to ill maintenance of the electrical wires and circuits is the effective cause of the fire in the warehouse of the company.
As reported by the IO and the person who was driving the above mention car, we were informed that on the intervening night between 8th/9th Nov 2014 at about 1:15 am, Akanshu Gupta was driving a car from Rampura side to General Store Punjabi Bagh side. After crossing the Punjabi Bagh Metro Station, instead of entering into under pass of the main Rohtak road, the car entered in to the left side road and after travelling some distance the driver lost the control over the steering of his car since a speeding vehicle coming from the back side passed by his side at a high speed. As per the statement of the driver, at that time of the incident, his co passenger was partly leaning out of the window of the front door. The driver lost control over the steering due to which the car swirled towards the left and smashed with the pavement and tilted to the left side. Since part of the body and head of the co passenger was outside the window, due to sudden impact and imbalancing, he got entrapped between the car and the surface below. It appears that the vehicle fell on his chest of co-passenger resulting in the breaking of his ribs. The vehicle was straightened with the help of a few people standing at the bus stop near the spot of accident. After re-positioning the car, the driver took the injured co passenger to Maharaja Agrasen Hospital where he succumbed to injuries after some time.
Analysis and Discussion
The experts of this investigating team have carefully examined the possible situation of accident and made the following observations:
A case, FIR No.-153/15, Dated- 20.03.2015 was registered at Police Station Mundka, Delhi informing that approx. Rs.5,00,000 collected from student as fees was stolen by thief by breaking and cutting two locks from the cupboard of Maharaja Agrasen Vidyapith School at Mundaka .
On the request of the school, this institute had analyzed CCTV camera footage and was able to bring out the picture of thief.
The decipherment of Picture of the thief made by Priemer Forensic Science Institute will assist to Delhi police to catch the thief and recover the stolen money.
The examination of CCTV camera footage reveals that a young boy aged around 18-25 yrs wearing t-shirt, trousers and chappals has been captured in pictures while cutting the lock, as recorded by CCTV camera. Since he had cut only two locks that is of the room and the cupboard where cash was kept as such, it is obvious that he was familiar with the room and cupboard. This decipherment of CCTV camera pictures should be helpful in identifying and spotting the thief.
In this report, the date and time of cutting the lock of the room has been deciphered and shown below in the three best pictures taken out from the provided CCTV camera footage.
In Picture No.1, the thief is shown cutting the lock of the room.
In Picture No.2, the thief is handling the cutting tool in his right arm.
In Picture No.3, the front profile of the thief has been shown.
Subject: Examination of CCTV Footage of Toll Booth received from Shri Sudesh Kumar.
The film was paused in some of the frames where the bike number appeared clearer than the rest, and screenshots of these frames were taken. The screenshots were then treated in an image-processing software, Adobe Photoshop, to enhance the readability of the figures and characters, as well as better clarity into the color and make of the bike. The screenshots were given a “sharp” filter to sharpen the appearance; despeckled, to remove the specks that appear after sharpening; and the contrast enhanced to increase the difference between the lightest and the darkest colors and shades so that the picture becomes clear. The screenshots were also zoomed at 50% and 200%, respectively, to manipulate the size of the objects to facilitate reading. The following individual frames have also been taken from the video footage, besides Screenshot 1 above, in which the frame number and timing are also indicated in the frame itself…
As these framegrabs are still pictures taken from the original footage provided to us, the original footage has not been tampered in any way. Only the framegrabs have been treated with tools available for sharpening the readability of the objects in the images.
As AVI files are interleaved audio and video fields with separate negative and positive attributes, it is necessary that at least two or more frames are grabbed for analysis – at least one with eve field on, and one with odd field on (as shown by the frame numbers). This becomes necessary as the interleaving often leaves some objects unclear or speckled for a complete analysis.
The framegrabs (screenshots) shown were first applied at two levels of the “Sharp” filter in the Adobe Photoshop application software. As this filter yielded some “speckles” (dots of sharpness), the “Despeckle” filter was applied to remove the speckles. Finally, the contrast tool was applied to enhance the difference between the white pixels and the black pixels in the number plate. The results obtained before and after the application of the tools is given in the following images…
The make of the bike was further compared with the possible make of similar appearance available on the Internet, which was compared with the zoomed pic of frame 14:56:34. We were able to identify the possible model through a close comparison of the two pics. Both are reproduced below, together for the purpose of clarity..
Client has also requested over phone, for the clearest possible blown up picture of the pillion rider with some description. The same is provided below…
As can be seen from the pic the person in question is wearing a blue T-Shirt with half-sleeves and having white horizontal stripes.
by MADHUP KUMAR SINGH
Sunil Kumar V/s State Of Punjab
IN THE HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA
Criminal Revision No.3278 of 2011; 13thFebruary, 2013
Coram: NARESH KUMAR SANGHI, J.
“case was wrongly remanded to the Court of the learned Judicial Magistrate 1stClass, Jalandhar, to examine the handwriting expert and to decide the matter afresh.”
“That main contention of learned counsel for the appellant/accused is that the report of Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh, is not admissible in evidence as no opportunity of cross-examination has been given to the accused and in support of his contention, learned counsel for the appellant/accused has relied upon the case law cited as Ayyub Ali vs. State of Madhya Pradesh, 2008 Criminal Law Journal, 2216, wherein it has been held in para No.7 that it is well settled legal proposition that the mere exhibition of handwriting expert report is not sufficient to consider it in evidence unless the expert is examined in Court and an opportunity of cross- examination is given to the defence. Provision of Section 293 of the Cr.P.C is not applicable for handwriting expert report. The handwriting expert is falling under this provision; therefore, the examination of handwriting expert was must.
Even our own Hon’ble High Court in Nirmal vs. State of Punjab, 2001(4) RCR(Criminal)622, has held that the report of handwriting expert, even if it has been given by the expert working in the Forensic Science Laboratory, would not be per se admissible under Section 293, Cr.P.C, unless the maker of said report is summoned and Criminal Revision No.3278 of 2011 examined as a witness and the other side is given an opportunity to cross-examine the witness. In my view, the facts of these authorities qua the point in controversy are fully applicable to the facts of the present case, because in the instant case also the prosecution before the lower court has proved the handwriting expert report as Ex.PZ, but they have not examined the author of this report. The learned Lower Court has not summoned the handwriting expert by taking the view that the report of the handwriting expert is admissible under Section 293, Cr.P.C but as per law cited supra, the provision of Section 293 of the Cr.P.C is not applicable for handwriting expert. Moreover, in the report Ex.PZ the expert has been given note that detailed reasons in support of the opinion expressed above, will be submitted at the time of evidence, if needed.
In view of the above said discussion, I am of the considered view that the examination of the handwriting expert is necessary.”
“The report, which was not per se admissible, would not become admissible by way of leading evidence.”
“The second submission of the learned counsel for the petitioner is that the report which is not per se admissible would not become admissible by examination of the handwriting expert is devoid of force. The person, who had prepared and issued the report, can very well prove the said report and once it is proved then it would become admissible.”
KeshavDutt V/s. State of Haryana  INSC 651 (19 August 2010)
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 1560 OF 2010 (@ SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (CRL.) No.2742 of 2010)
Coram: ALTAMAS KABIR, J.
“Court had occasion to consider whether reliance could be placed on the opinion of the Assistant State Examiner of Documents without examining him as a witness in Court. This Court held that from the opinion itself it could not be gathered whether his office would fall within the purview of Section 293 CrPC. Accordingly, the Court observed that without examining him as an expert witness, no reliance could be placed on his opinion. Learned counsel urged that the conviction of the Appellant on the basis of the above could not be sustained.”
“whether the opinion of the handwriting expert could have been relied upon without examining him becomes relevant.”
“The High Court also skirted the issue by observing that the science of handwriting being imperfect and inaccurate, it is very difficult, if not impossible to give the opinion that the writings were in the hand of one and the same persons.”
“The High Court recorded that the report having gone unrebutted could be relied upon without any demur.”
“beyond doubt on the basis of Ex.PR and Ex.PY, he must be given the benefit of doubt.”
“The Appeal, accordingly, succeeds and is allowed and the judgment of conviction and sentence of the Appellant under Section 13(1)(d) of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, is set aside.”
In case suit no. S23/07 Dinesh Kumar Vs. Suraj Bhan Shri Pitamber Dutt Additional District Judge Tis Hazari courts, Delhi, in his final judgement has not only accepted but appreciated the Evidence of Dr. S.C Mittal and observed:
‘No incriminating material has been come out during his cross examination and the said witness has successfully passed the ACID TEST of cross examination’.
36) The defendant has also examined Dr. SC Mittal, handwriting as DW-4 who has examined the signature over the counter foil of the rent receipts Ex. PW1/3 to Ex. PW1/67 and compared the same with the Admitted Signatures of the defendant and submitted his report Ex. DW4/A. The said expert has opined that the Questioned Signatures marked Q1 to Q34, Q34 to Q36 to Q65 are forged signatures and they are not written by the same persons who wrote the Admitted Signatures marked A1 to A22 attributed to Suraj Bhan. The said witness has been extensively cross examined by the counsel for the plaintiff but he has reiterated his opinion expressed by him vide his report Ex. PW4/A.